Employers have to keep time and wages records for 7 years.
Time and wages records have to be:
- readily accessible to a Fair Work Inspector (FWI)
- in English.
Time and wages records can’t be:
- changed unless the change is to correct an error
- false or misleading.
Best practice tip
Employers should keep records of hours worked for all employees, including pieceworkers.
Adopting best practice record-keeping makes it easier to keep track of employee details, identify payroll mistakes and keeps a business running efficiently. It also helps avoid fines for doing the wrong thing.
Use our templates to help manage record-keeping obligations for:
What records have to be kept and what needs to be in them?
Certain information needs to be kept for each employee. If an employee is paid an annual wage under an award, employers are required to keep extra records for these employees. See Salary payments for more information.
Here is a list of the records that an employer has to keep and what information has to be in the record.
- employer’s and employee’s name
- employer’s ABN (if any)
- employee’s commencement date
- whether the employee is full-time, part time, or casual
- whether the employee is permanent or temporary.
- pay rate paid to the employee
- gross and net amounts paid
- any deductions from the gross amount
- details of any incentive-based payment, bonus, loading, penalty rate, or other monetary allowance or separately identifiable entitlement paid.
Hours of work
- any penalty rates or loadings paid to employees for overtime hours worked, including:
- the number of overtime hours worked by an employee during the day
- when the employee started and finished the overtime hours
- the hours an employee works if the employee is a casual or irregular part-time employee who is paid based on time worked
- a copy of the written agreement if an employer and employee have agreed to an averaging of the employee’s work hours.
- any leave taken
- how much leave an employee has.
If an employee is able to cash out annual leave, the employer has to keep:
- a copy of the agreement to cash out the amount of leave
- a record of how much was paid, the amount of leave cashed out and when the payment was made.
Under an award, if an employer agrees for an employee to take annual leave in advance, the employer has to keep a copy of the agreement. The agreement has to say the amount of leave taken and the day the leave starts.
- amount paid
- pay period
- date(s) paid
- name of super fund
- reason the employer paid into the fund (eg a record of the employee’s super fund choice and the date they made that choice).
If employers pay a defined benefit interest into a defined benefit fund , employers don’t have to include these contributions in the record.
Individual flexibility agreements
If an employer and employee agree to an individual flexibility agreement under an award or registered agreement, a record must include both:
- a copy of the written agreement
- a copy of any notice or agreement to terminate the flexibility agreement.
Guarantee of annual earnings
- the guarantee
- the date the guarantee was cancelled (where applicable).
- how the employment was terminated e.g.by agreement, summarily, or in some other way (specifying details)
- if notice was provided and, if so, how much
- the name of the person who terminated the employment.
Transfer of business
Where there has been a transfer of business, the old employer has to give the new employer records of any transferring employee. The new employer also has to ask for employment records from the old employer for any transferring employee who becomes an employee within three months of the sale.
Who can access records?
Employee records are private and confidential. Only the employer, payroll staff, the employee and authorised individuals, such as an accountant, can access the records.
If an employee asks to see their records, an employer must make them available.This includes after an employee has ceased employment.
FWIs can also ask for time and wage records to find out what an employee is entitled to and whether they have been paid correctly.
What happens if records aren't kept?
If records aren't kept or are incorrect, FWIs can give employers a fine, called an infringement notice.
It is unlawful for employers to make or keep employment records that they know are false or misleading.
Employers can also be penalised if we choose to take a matter to court. In some cases employers who haven't kept records or made records available for inspection may have to prove to a court they didn't underpay an employee.
Source reference: Fair Work Act 2009 s.535 and 536 and Fair Work Regulations 2009 r.3.31-3.44
Think a mistake might have been made?
Mistakes can happen. The best way to fix them usually starts with talking.
Check out our Fixing a workplace problem section for practical advice on:
- figuring out if a mistake has been made
- talking to your employer or employee about fixing it
- getting help from us if you can't resolve it.
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