First Nations people

Find information and resources for First Nations people in the workplace.

We also have information for employers of First Nations people.

Starting a new job

Starting a new job can be exciting. It can also be a bit scary if you’re not sure what you need to do.

Our guide to starting a new job guide to starting a new job will help you find all the basic information you need before starting a job, including:

  • how to check you're getting the right pay
  • what awards are and how to find out about your rights and entitlements
  • what should be on your pay slip
  • what to do if you have a problem at work.

Rights and entitlements of employees

All employees get minimum entitlements at work. Read our fact sheets about employee rights on the following topics:

Find out more about minimum entitlements for employees on our National Employment Standards page.

The importance of cultural, family and kinship obligations

Like all employees, First Nations people have pressures and responsibilities relating to their home and community life. However, there are some specific cultural issues that employers need to understand, including:

  • the importance of family and kinship ties
  • cultural obligations
  • significant dates and cultural events
  • the need for time away from work for issues such as Sorry Business.

For many First Nations people, responsibilities to family, community and culture are extremely important. These responsibilities can sometimes conflict with workplace responsibilities. These are serious issues that employers should discuss with sensitivity and respect to find a solution that’s best for everyone.

Due to family obligations, First Nations people may have more of a role in caring for children and elderly family members. Care may include financial care, health care and general care. This means First Nations people may have more responsibility outside their immediate family.

To help employees meet these obligations, employers may need to consider offering flexible work arrangements. You can find more information about flexibility in the workplace on our Flexible working arrangements page.

It’s also important to be aware of significant cultural events and dates, including:

  • NAIDOC Week
  • Sorry Day
  • National Reconciliation Week
  • local and regional events.

It’s a good idea for employers and employees to discuss these dates. Where possible, employers should encourage and support staff who want to acknowledge and participate in these events.

Taking time off for Sorry Business

If you need time off work for Sorry Business, you might be able to take it off as compassionate leave. Employees can take compassionate leave when someone in their immediate family or household dies or has a life-threatening illness or injury.

If not, you may have other options available to you, such as annual leave, sick/carer's leave, unpaid leave or time off in lieu.

If you need to take time off work for Sorry Business, it’s a good idea to let your employer know as soon as you can.

Check out our Do you need time off for Sorry Business fact sheet Do you need time off for Sorry Business fact sheet.

Sorting out problems at work

Most problems at work happen because people are unsure what the law is, or because employees and employers don’t talk about what’s bothering them.

Case study - Trisha’s annual leave

Trisha is planning to visit her community and asks her employer how much annual leave she has. Her employer says she has 2 weeks annual leave. Trisha thinks there is a problem and checks our leave calculator.

The calculator says that Trisha has 3 weeks annual leave. She prints the results from the leave calculator and has a chat to her employer. Her employer checks the records again and says sorry for the mistake.

By talking to her employer in a polite and professional way, Trisha sorted the problem out quickly.

Check out our guide to fixing workplace problems with your boss guide to fixing workplace problems with your boss.

Ending work

A notice period is the amount of time you may have to give your employer when you leave a job. It’s also the amount of time your employer may need to give you if you’re sacked.

How much notice should you and your employer give each other? Check your:

  • award
  • registered agreement
  • contract of employment.

If you have an award, use our Pay and Conditions Tool.

It’s also a good idea to put your notice in writing. For more information, download our fact sheet on ending employment ending employment.

Redundancy is when an employer no longer requires your job to be done by anyone, or when a business becomes bankrupt or insolvent (runs out of money and has to close). For more information, check out our fact sheet on redundancy redundancy.

Employer information

For help with following Australian laws when hiring employees, check out the business.gov.au checklist for small business owners.

We also have information to help you get the most out of your business and employees:

Tools and resources

Have a workplace problem?

Problems can happen in any workplace. If you have a workplace problem, we have tools and information to help you resolve it.

Check out our Fixing a workplace problem section for practical information about:

  • working out if there is a problem
  • speaking with your employer or employee about fixing the problem
  • getting help from us if you can't fix the problem.

Help for small business