Long service leave
Read about long service leave and the National Employment Standards (NES) and download our fact sheet.
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Long service leave forms part of the National Employment Standards (NES). The NES apply to all employees covered by the national workplace relations system, regardless of any award, agreement or contract.
The NES set out the entitlement to long service leave. This entitlement is a transitional entitlement pending the development of a uniform national long service standard.
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Under the NES, an employee is entitled to long service leave in accordance with their applicable pre-modernised award. Modern awards (from 1 January 2010) cannot include terms dealing with long service leave.
However, an employee’s long service leave entitlement derived from a pre-modernised award does not apply where:
- a collective agreement, an Australian Workplace Agreement (AWA) made after 26 March 2006, or an Individual Transitional Employment Agreement (ITEA) came into operation before the commencement of the NES, and applies to the employee or
- one of the following kinds of instruments came into operation before the commencement of the NES, applies to the employee, and expressly deals with long service leave:
- an enterprise agreement – agreements made after 1 July 2009 and approved by the Fair Work Commission (FWC)
- a preserved State agreement – an agreement made in the State system before 26 March 2006
- a workplace determination – made by the FWC
- a certified agreement – an agreement made before 26 March 2006
- an AWA – made before 26 March 2006
- a section 170MX award – an award made by the Australian Industrial Relations Commission (AIRC) before 26 March 2006 after terminating a bargaining period
- an old IR agreement – an agreement approved by the AIRC before December 1996.
When one of the above specified instruments ceases to operate, an employee is entitled to long service leave in accordance with an applicable pre-modernised award.
The content of an enterprise agreement made during the period 1 July 2009 – 31 December 2009 will prevail over State or Territory long service leave laws.
From 1 January 2010, if a pre-modernised award does not apply to an employee, any entitlement to long service leave will be derived from applicable State or Territory long service leave laws. The State or Territory long service leave laws generally prevail over any provisions in an enterprise agreement to the extent that they are inconsistent with those laws.
In some circumstances, the FWC can make an order which preserves long service leave entitlements contained in a collectively bargained agreement (such as enterprise agreements, collective agreements, pre-reform certified agreements and old IR agreements). In this instance, the agreement terms prevail over the State or Territory long service leave laws.
This can occur where:
- the agreement came into operation prior to 1 January 2010
- the agreement has terms dealing with long service leave
- the agreement applies to employees in more than one State or Territory
- the agreement provides entitlements which are equal to or greater than the relevant State or Territory long service leave laws
- there are no applicable long service leave entitlements derived from a pre-modernised award which applies to the employees.
If there are no award or agreement terms regarding long service leave as set out above, the entitlement to long service leave comes from State and Territory laws. These laws are subject to the interaction with any transitional instrument that applies to the employees. Generally, these transitional instruments prevail to the extent of any inconsistency over any State or Territory long service leave laws.
Depending on the relevant State/Territory law or industrial instrument (such as an award or agreement), an employee may be entitled to long service leave after a period of continuous service ranging from seven to fifteen years with the same or a related employer.
Untaken long service leave is usually paid on termination, although this can depend on the circumstances of termination. Depending on the relevant law or instrument, an employee may be eligible for a pro-rata payment on termination after a minimum period of five years continuous service.
Where an enterprise agreement replaces a collective or individual agreement or other specified instrument (such as a workplace determination) that operated before the commencement of the NES, and stated the employee was not entitled to long service leave, an employee’s service under the former agreement can be discounted for the purpose of long service leave.
The enterprise agreement may include terms that an employee’s service with the employer during a specified period does not count as service for determining long service leave entitlements under either the NES or a State or Territory law. The period is some or all of the period when an employee was covered by the collective or individual agreement or other specified instrument (such as a workplace determination).
If the enterprise agreement includes terms excluding prior service, it does not count as service for determining long service leave entitlements under either the NES or a State or Territory law. However, the period for long service leave entitlement purposes can be reinstated by a later agreement, either through an enterprise agreement or a contract of employment.
Fair Work Online: www.fairwork.gov.au
Fair Work Infoline: 13 13 94
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