Hours of work

On 12 December 2017, the Fair Work Commission made changes to part-time and casual provisions in some awards.

Our Pay Calculator and Pay guides have been updated to reflect these changes.

For information read Changes to casual and part-time entitlements in some awards. You can also read the Fair Work Commission's orders external-icon.png on their website.

Ordinary hours are an employee's normal and regular hours of work, which do not attract overtime rates.

Awards, enterprise agreements and other registered agreements set out any:

  • maximum ordinary hours in a day, week, fortnight or month
  • minimum ordinary hours in a day
  • times of the day ordinary hours can be worked (eg. between 7am - 7pm).

The ordinary hours can be different for full-time, part-time and casual employees.

Spread of hours

The time of the day ordinary hours are worked is called the spread of hours (eg. between 7am - 7pm). Time worked outside the spread of ordinary hours can attract overtime rates.

Find more information about maximum and minimum hours of work and the spread of hours in your award by selecting from the list below.

Vehicle Award

Based on what you've told us, it looks like you're covered by the Vehicle Manufacturing, Repair, Services and Retail Award 2010 [MA000089].

The hours of work can be different under the Vehicle Award for employees under different streams.

Check the hours of work that apply by selecting the relevant stream from the list below:

Repair, service & retail - excluding vehicle sales

Maximum number of hours

The maximum number of ordinary hours employees can work is:

  • 12 hours per day (where agreed to)
  • an average of 38 hours per week (spread over a maximum of 5 days per week).

Averaging weekly hours

An employer can average the employee's hours over more than a week.

This means the employee may work more than 38 hours one week, but less in another.

Options for averaging weekly hours

The table below shows the options for averaging 38 hours per week.

Hours worked Averaged over...
76 hours 2 weeks in a row
114 hours 3 weeks in a row
152 hours 4 weeks in a row

An employer and employee can agree to average the hours over a longer period than 4 weeks.

Example:

Cindy works full-time and averages her 38 hours a week by working 76 hours over 2 weeks.

She works 42 hours the first week, and 34 hours the second week. 42 + 34 = 76 hours.

This means that over 2 weeks she has worked an average of 38 hours per week.

Spread of hours

The ordinary hours in the Vehicle Award can be worked at any time on any day of the week.

Minimum hours

The minimum daily hours for full-time, part-time and casual employees will depend on their rostered hours.

Arranging hours of work

An employee can work a maximum of 5 days a week. However a part-time employee may work more than 5 days a week, where the employee requests this is writing.

Repair, service & retail - vehicle sales

Maximum number of hours

The maximum number of ordinary hours employees can work is an average of 38 hours per week.

Spread of hours

The ordinary hours in the Vehicle Award can be worked at any time on any day of the week.

Minimum hours

Every week a part-time employee works, they have to be given at least 2 days of work in a week.

The minimum daily hours for full-time and casual employees will depend on their rostered hours.

Arranging hours of work

A full-time employee can work a maximum of 5 and a half days a week or by agreement 11 days a fortnight.

Manufacturing

Maximum number of hours

The maximum number of ordinary hours employees can work is:

  • 8 hours per day (or 10 hours by agreement)
  • an average of 38 hours per week.

Averaging weekly hours

An employer and employee can agree to average the employee's hours over more than a week.

This means the employee may work more than 38 hours one week, but less in another.

Options for averaging weekly hours

The table below shows the options for averaging 38 hours per week.

Hours worked Averaged over...
76 hours 2 weeks in a row
114 hours 3 weeks in a row
152 hours 4 weeks in a row

An employer and employee can agree to average the hours over a longer period than 4 weeks.

Example:

Cindy works full-time and averages her 38 hours a week by working 76 hours over 2 weeks.

She works 42 hours the first week, and 34 hours the second week. 42 + 34 = 76 hours.

This means that over 2 weeks she has worked an average of 38 hours per week.

Spread of hours

The ordinary hours in the Vehicle Award can be worked during the following times:

Monday - Friday Saturday
6am - 6pm 7am - midday

Changing the spread of hours

An employer and their employees can agree to change the spread of hours by:

  • adding up to one hour to one or both ends of the spread (such as 5am to 7pm Monday to Friday), or
  • shifting the spread of hours up or down by up to an hour (such as 5am to 5pm or 7am to 7pm Monday to Friday).

Minimum hours

The minimum daily hours for full-time, part-time and casual employees depends on their rostered hours.

Arranging hours of work

There are different arrangements that can be used to organise an employee’s 38 hour week. These include:

  • hours can be averaged over a 4 week work cycle (or by agreement, up to 3 months)
  • working longer than 8 ordinary hours per day
  • accumulating a rostered day off.

Drafting, planning and technical

Maximum number of hours

The maximum number of ordinary hours employees can work is:

  • 8 hours per day (or 10 hours by agreement)
  • an average of 38 hours per week.

Averaging weekly hours

An employer and employee can agree to average the employee’s hours over more than a week.

This means the employee may work more than 38 hours one week, but less in another.

Options for averaging weekly hours

The table below shows the options for averaging 38 hours per week.

Hours worked Averaged over...
76 hours 2 weeks in a row
114 hours 3 weeks in a row
152 hours 4 weeks in a row

An employer and employee can agree to average the hours over a longer period than 4 weeks.

Example:

Cindy works full-time and averages her 38 hours a week by working 76 hours over 2 weeks.

She works 42 hours the first week, and 34 hours the second week. 42 + 34 = 76 hours.

This means that over 2 weeks she has worked an average of 38 hours per week.

Spread of hours

The ordinary hours in the Vehicle Award can be worked during the following times:

Monday - Friday Saturday
6am - 6pm 7am - midday

Minimum hours

The minimum daily hours for full-time, part-time and casual employees will depend on their rostered hours.

Arranging hours of work

There are different arrangements that can be used to organise an employee’s 38 hour week. These include:

  • hours can be averaged over a 4 week work cycle (or by agreement, up to 3 months for day workers)
  • working longer than 8 ordinary hours per day
  • accumulating a rostered day off.

Supervisory

Minimum hours

The minimum daily hours for full-time and part-time and casual employees depends on their rostered hours.

To find out more about who this award applies to, go to the Vehicle Award summary.

Source reference: Vehicle Manufacturing, Repair Services and Retail Award 2010 [MA000089] clauses 12.9, 37, 44, 53, 61 and 62 external-icon.png

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Maximum weekly hours

An employee can work a maximum of 38 hours in a week unless an employer asks them to work reasonable extra hours. See our Maximum weekly hours fact sheet.

Source reference: Fair Work Act 2009 s.62 external-icon.png

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Check out our Help resolving workplace issues section for practical advice on:

  • figuring out if a mistake has been made
  • talking to your employer or employee about fixing it
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